Computer Simulations and the Changing Face of Scientific Experimentation (Edited Volume) ∞(collaborative work with Juan Duran)
In this volume, scientists, historians, and philosophers join to examine computer simulations in scientific practice. One central aim of the volume is to provide a multiperspective view on the topic. Therefore, the text includes philosophical studies on computer simulations, as well as case studies from simulation practice, and historical studies of the evolution of simulations as a research method.Eckhart Arnold and Juan Duran (Ed.): Computer Simulations and the Changing Face of Scientific Experimentation, Cambridge Scholars Publishing Newcastle 2013.
Lecture series: Foundations of Decision Theory I ∞This is a series of lectures on formal decision theory held at the University of Bayreuth during the summer terms 2008 and 2009. It largely follows the book from Michael D. Resnik: Choices. An Introduction to Decision Theory, 5th ed. Minneapolis London 2000 and covers the topics:
Lecture script, Bayreuth 2009.
- Decisions under ignorance and risk
- Probability calculus (Kolmogoroff Axioms, Bayes' Theorem)
- Philosophical interpretations of probability (R. v. Mises, Ramsey-De Finetti)
- Neuman-Morgenstern Utility Theory
- Introductory Game Theory
- Social Choice Theory (Sen's Paradox of Liberalism, Arrow's Theorem)
Explaining Altruism. A Simulation-Based Approach and its Limits ∞Employing computer simulations for the study of the evolution of altruism has been popular since Axelrod's book "The Evolution of Cooperation". But have the myriads of simulation studies that followed in Axelrod's footsteps really increased our knowledge about the evolution of altruism or cooperation? This book examines in detail the working mechanisms of simulation based evolutionary explanations of altruism. It shows that the "theoretical insights" that can be derived from simulation studies are often quite arbitrary and of little use for the empirical research. In the final chapter of the book, therefore, a set of epistemological requirements for computer simulations is proposed and recommendations for the proper research design of simulation studies are made.Published: ontos Verlag Heusenstamm 2008.
Religious Consciousness and Political Order - A critique of Eric Voegelin's Philosophy of Consciousness ∞Eric Voegelin believed that a morally acceptable and in the long run successful political order (which meant for the emigrant Voegelin primarily an order that is resistant to totalitarianism) can only be built on the foundation of a healthy religiosity of the citizens and the political leaders. The question of what a healthy religiosity is was examined by Voegelin by recurring to intellectual history and to the philosophy of consciousness. In my book I offer a detailed criticism Voegelin's philosophy of consciousness and of his concept of political order.Published: GRIN Verlag München 2007.
Hans Kelsen: A New Science of Politics? Hans Kelsen's Reply to Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politics" (edited book) ∞Hans Kelsen's thorough critique of Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politcs" is - in my oppinion - the best commentary on Voegelin that has been written so far.English (German commentary): Hans Kelsen: A New Science of Politics? Hans Kelsens Reply to Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politics", ed. by Eckhart Arnold, ontos Verlag Heusenstamm 2004.Spanish: Hans Kelsen: ¿Una nueva ciencia de la política? Réplica a Eric Voegelin, Editado por Eckhart Arnold, Traducio por Isolda Rodríguez Villega y Jaquín Etorena, katz Editores Buenos Aires 2006.